On September 5, 1914, in the Chilean town of San Fabián de Alchico, Nicanor Segundo Parra Sandoval was born, poet, antipoet, physicist, mathematician, academic and many other things. The intellectual passed away on January 34, 2018 at the age of 103 at his residence in Las Cruces, leaving the most irreverent and advanced Chilean literature orphaned.
Patriarch of one of the most important artistic families in Chile (he was the older brother of the singer-songwriter Violeta Parra , author of Gracias a la vida , as well as the folklorists Lautaro, Roberto, Hilda and Lalo; uncle of the singer-songwriters Angel and Isabel Parra; and father of the singer Colombina and the artist Catalina) was born in 1914 in San Fabián de Alico (Biobío Region) and during his life he received numerous recognitions. Among them, the Cervantes Prize 2011, in addition to being nominated for the Nobel Prize for Literature on several occasions.
Professor of Mathematics at the Liceo de Chillán and at the University of Chile, he lived during his youth in the United States and the United Kingdom, and later traveled to other countries, such as Sweden, Spain or the Soviet Union.
His literary work began in the 1930s, with forays into short stories and essays. In 1937 his first book of poems, Cancionero sin nombre, came out . But what Parra is remembered for is for the “antipoetry” , a rebellion against the poetic canon reigning in Chile, led by Neruda, which materialized in books such as Poemas y antipoemas, from 1954, as well as numerous artistic artifacts inspired by Dadaism, and which is represented in these verses from 1973:
EVERYTHING IS POETRY except poetry
Other books of his are La Cueca Larga, Versos de Salón, Los Profesores, Artefactos, Sermons and sermons on Elqui Christ, El anti-Lázaro, Jokes to disorient poetry, Political poetry, Blank Pages or After -dinner speeches .
In 1969 he received the Chilean National Prize for Literature for Thick Work. In 1991 he was awarded for the second time in his country and obtained the Juan Rulfo International Prize. In 2000 he received the Reina Sofía Prize for Ibero-American Poetry and in 2010 he was a finalist for the Prince of Asturias Award for Literature. More in the world Architect and engineer, this is Esther Cañadas’ hunk boyfriend. The presence of Alberto de Monaco’s former lover and son at the Red Cross ball fuels rumors of crisis with Charlene
In 2012, he gave the Caja de las Letras of the Instituto Cervantes his old typewriter and an unpublished poem. In the act of deposit he was represented by his grandson, Cristóbal Ugarte. This was the one who, a year before, requested a one-year extension for the delivery of his acceptance speech for Cervantes, although he did leave a few words in his mouth: “You expected this award, right? … The awards are for the spirits free and for the friends of the jury … Am I the recipient of this award? Of course I am. For a book that I am about to write. “
The typewriter, which he deposited in safe number 1,552, is a dear and valuable object for Nicanor Parra and will remain in custody at the Cervantes until September 5, 2064, the date on which the poet would be 150 years old.