US Secretary of State Antony Blinken, who is visiting the Middle East, visited Egypt on the 26th and met with President Sisi. It seems that it has confirmed its cooperation in maintaining the ceasefire of the Islamic fundamentalist organization Hamas, which effectively controls Israel and Gaza Strip, which was led by the country. On the 24th, US President Joe Biden thanked Mr. Sisi by phone, impressing Egypt’s growing presence in Middle East diplomacy.
Mr. Blinken met with Prime Minister Netanyahu in Israel on the 25th and then with Palestinian Autonomous Government Chairman Abbas on the west bank of the Jordan River. He called for a ceasefire and emphasized that he would “consolidate the support of the international community” for the reconstruction of Gaza, which was devastated by the war.
Egypt, which dispatches ceasefire observers to both sides, plays an essential role in maintaining the ceasefire that the United States appeals to. It was the earliest Arab country to have diplomatic relations with Israel. It borders on Gaza, and the supply of supplies becomes a strong lever for Hamas. Egypt announced $ 500 million in support for the reconstruction of Gaza and sent 130 trucks full of food and medical supplies to Gaza after the war.
On the other hand, the United States has a draft with Israel, and the issue is to restore relations. It is aiming to return to the Iran nuclear agreement, which the country opposes. Hamas cannot be officially negotiated because the United States has identified it as a terrorist organization, and the Palestinian Authority with which it is being negotiated has no power to move Hamas.
Unlike the United States, which has a strong sense of stalemate, Egypt has a valid pipe with all parties. Prior to Mr. Blinken’s visit to the Middle East, Egyptian Foreign Minister Shukuri visited Ramallah on the west bank of the Jordan River and met with Mr. Abbas. It is believed that he made advance adjustments for a meeting with Mr. Blinken, reminding him to cooperate in maintaining the ceasefire.
For Egypt, the success of mediation diplomacy has the effect of reminding the United States of its importance. Prior to taking office in January, Mr. Biden was critical of Mr. Shishi’s powerful governance method and said he would seek action on human rights issues. However, it is clear that the ceasefire in Gaza has borrowed Egypt.
There are observations that it has become difficult to address issues that Egypt dislikes, such as human rights issues. It is possible that Egypt is hoping for US support in a regional conflict, such as a conflict with Ethiopia over the waters of the Nile.
Blinken will visit Jordan following Egypt to meet with King Abdullah.