Concerns about humanitarian crises such as genocide, sexual violence, and hunger have increased in the battle that the Ethiopian government and the ruling powers of northern Tigray started six months ago. Even after Prime Minister Abbey declared that the operation was complete, there was no sign of convergence, casting a shadow over Africa’s fastest-growing economy.
“It’s difficult to wipe out hidden enemies.” As Mr. Abbey leaked in April, the battle with the forces that ruled the ethnic minority Tigre is endless. On November 4, last year, he ordered the military to attack the state’s ruling Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) and announced that it would conquer the state capital and complete the operation in about three weeks, but the TPLF side continued the guerrilla warfare among the citizens. ing.
Under these circumstances, reports of atrocities against civilians are occurring one after another. CNN reported a video of men in military uniform with rifles standing on a cliff and pointing their muzzle at them. He also reported that the body was dropped to the bottom of the valley and said it was executed by an Ethiopian soldier. The government said the video “cannot be treated as evidence (of the slaughter).” There are also accusations that the army of neighboring Eritrea, a friend of the Abbey administration, has killed a large number of Tigre residents.
According to the United Nations, there are more than one million internally displaced persons and 4.5 million in need of food assistance. The World Peace Foundation warned in April that it would lead to massive hunger in a few months.
The international community pays strict attention. The European Union (EU) announced in January that it would freeze € 88 million in support for Ethiopia until human rights agencies enter Tigray. In April, foreign ministers of the seven major countries (G7) issued a statement calling for the withdrawal of Eritrean troops, fearing human rights violations in the state.
Prolonged turmoil puts a burden on the Ethiopian economy. Inflation has reached 20% and the currency is on a downtrend. In February, US rating agency S & P Global Ratings lowered Ethiopia’s long-term credit rating, warning that “new armed conflict will spur ethnic conflict.”
The government estimates that rebuilding the destroyed infrastructure will cost $ 1 billion, or 1% of gross domestic product (GDP). Ethiopia has continued to grow at around 10%, the highest in Africa since the mid-2000s, but the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicts that it will only grow at 2% in 2009. Countermeasures against the new coronavirus are also putting pressure on public finances, and have asked 20 countries / regions (G20) to postpone debt repayment.
The Battle of Tigray highlighted the difficulty of bundling Ethiopia, which has about 80 ethnic groups. In 1919, Mr. Abbey won the Nobel Peace Prize for ending the border dispute with Eritrea. The stance of rejecting the mediation of the international community as a “domestic affair” has not been broken.