It is essential to know when what and how much to eat for health. This is more important during pregnancy because there are questions about the health of the child with you. However, some nutrition facts in India offer a sad picture.
26.8% of women in India are married before 18 years. Therefore, 22.9 per cent of women are underweight during pregnancy. This is why 58% of women in India suffer from anaemia.
Nutrition during pregnancy is also vital because of the many changes that occur in your body. It is also essential for growing children. So far, the risk of Fetal Growth Restriction (FGR) is high. Due to this, a quarter of the world’s children are absorbed in the cheeks of time. Due to inadequate nutrition, children cannot gain weight. At the same time, in some cases, therefore, the cognitive development of the child becomes impossible.
Also Read : Corona period: Vitamin-E For increasing immunity
Fetal origin of adult disease
It is recognized that a low lifestyle is a significant cause of serious illness. Coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension are by-products of fetal life nutrition. Women who starve during fetal life increase their chances of developing insulin registration syndrome. In a situation like this, better food is needed during pregnancy, because you don’t have to face problems such as child mortality, birth patterns, and low birth weight babies.
This is the effect of proper maternal nutrition
-Increased micronutrient levelsWeight loss in thin children
-Decreased MMR of postpartum haemorrhage
-Decrease in maternal anaemia, decrease in premature babies
-Reduction, reduction of brain damage
How to improve maternal nutrition
Counselling for healthy eating. Take a balanced protein and energy dietary supplement. Take folic acid supplementation (400 micrograms) first in the trimester. Take daily iron and folic acid in the second trimester. Take a daily calcium supplement in the second trimester. Cut back on caffeine intake. Take just pasteurized milk. Do not eat uncooked and undercooked food. Don’t eat underage meat either. Wash and eat any fruit and vegetables. Wash hands before eating. Wear gloves when gardening and wash your hands thoroughly.
Diet while pregnant
Pregnancy requires 350 kcal as additional energy.
Nutritious snacks are required in the second and third trimesters.
Low weight pregnant women take extra snacks. Women with more reasons should take small distances (food) throughout the day.
Due to eating less nutritious food, women experience problems such as dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite.